Rice in India

Rice is grown in many regions across India. For about 65% of the people living in India, rice is a staple food. Rice is essential to life in India. It is a part of nearly every meal, and is grown primarily on rural farms.

Some important facts about rice in the Indian scenario are:

• Agriculture is the main source of income for   families in India. Farms cover over half the land and   almost three-quarters of that land is used to grow   the two major grains: rice and wheat.

• India is the second largest producer of rice in the   world, next only to China.

• India's annual rice production is around 85 to 90   million tons. Annual consumption, is around 85   million tons.

• In India, Rice is cultivated in both winter and   summer.

• West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh,   Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Orissa, Assam,   Karnataka and Haryana are the major producing   states. More than 50% of the total production   comes from the first four states.

• The Food Corporation of India purchases around 20%  to 25% of the total rice production in the country   both under levy from the rice mills and directly in the   form of paddy from the farmers at Minimum Support   Prices announced by the Government.

• More than 4000 varieties of rice are grown in India.

• India is the world's largest exporter of Basmati rice   to Saudi Arabia and other Middle East Countries,   Europe, and the United States.

• India has the potential to export one million tons of   Basmati rice.

• Major destinations for Indian non-basmati,   white/parboiled rice are Bangladesh, Indonesia,   Philippines, Nigeria, South Africa, Ivory Coast, and   other African countries.